COMPETITION FOR THE DESIGN OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND THE CENTER OF ATTENTION TO PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN OURENSE
OURENSE. GALICIA 2018
Terra, earth. Our entire building touches the earth and so do the people who live it. Living touching the earth is a primitive and natural act.
“Galicia occupies an intermediate zone between two ecological and floristic worlds, on the one hand between the Eurosiberian and Mediterranean Nemoral regions, and on the other between the Atlantic province and the Mediterranean province in the Holarctic floral kingdom. This character of limit or passage between two different botanical worlds, make Galicia, from the ecological and sociological point of view, is the country of mixtures. Thus the deciduous oak and the evergreen flourish together. Similarly, the Mediterranean alliance Cistionhdaniferi penetrates between the associations of the Atlantic Ulicionnanae, being very difficult to clearly separate both communities. ”
LA VEGETACION DE GALICIA por Francisco Bellot Rodríguez (1911-1983)
Mix of space and nature
The park approaches the building from the south. And the building opens and merges with the park, in a sort of mixture between space and nature, like the air when it flows through the wings of a bird. The building is perched on the park and adapts its body to the topography that descends to the west. The building, under a single floor, is coupled to the steep orography and is hidden under the tall and humid oaks and the rugged southern oaks. Both trees are a symbol of two different ecologies, they are front and back, as are the architectural space and nature. Our project is the result of that mix.
The building consists of six wings or pavilions on the ground floor. Three dedicated to rest, one to group activities, another a large dining space and another to kitchen services. On the semi-basement floor, under the dining room wing and opening to the garden are the general services and on the first floor, on the kitchen wing, the office spaces. And on the indoor activities wing, on its deck, we project a space for outdoor sports activities.
All spaces are connected and everything is accessible, not by elevators, but by gentle ramps and bright corridors. The movement in our building is not vertical, but horizontal. Therefore, there is not only total real accessibility, but the movement through our building is a walk between trees and views of the sky.
The building is alive
The construction is logical, industrialized and simple. It is logical because the building from its foundation adapts as much as possible to the fall of the land to avoid large clearings and large fillings. Let’s say space is terrified as an economizing strategy. The construction elements are modular and serial from the industry. And therefore their union is simple.
The skeleton of the building is formed by metal frames in parallel to facades and unidirectional slabs of alveolar slab with maximum lights of 11 meters and overhangs, as a stepped trays on a greenery bottom.
1st PRIZE – COMPETITION FOR THE DRAFT PROJECT SELECTION FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE C.E.I.P “EMBAJADOR BELTRÁN”
Call by the Almassora City Council, within the “Edificant” program.
M’agrada el meu cole
Student’s entrance and exit from the school will be through a big open space. The leaving of the children from the school is especially crowded, and while the parents talk, the children take the opportunity to play in the wide access square. The pedestrianization of Santo Tomás Street in the section that corresponds to the plot of the contest will create a safe and friendly route from the José Ortiz Avenue school bus stop to the access square, space prior to the entrance to the kindergarten wing and the elementary wing.
The value of our proposal relies in the fluid relationship of the different outdoor spaces of the school. The pedestrian street, the access square, the kindergarten, the large primary porch and its large playground, are always connected, and act as an intermediate space prior to the heated teaching spaces. On the upper level, the elementary classrooms, all oriented to the SOUTHEAST, overlook the large playground, and the workshops oriented to the north do the same towards the pedestrian access street Santo Tomás. The wide access corridor to the classrooms and workshops is illuminated with natural light, so not all spaces need artificial light throughout the day.
COMPETITION FOR THE NEW CEIP SANTA QUITERIA CONSTRUCTION
Competition in Almassora 2019
The project receives the inheritance of the Roman houses that were organized around a central courtyard, which, as a great well, collected both light and rain. And around this air gap the different rooms were distributed, one after the other and communicated by an open or closed peristyle according to the program. This project reinterprets this concept so many times throughout history for different cultures and programmatic needs used.
Adaptation of the proposal to the surrounding urban environment
The entrance and exit of the children from the school will be from a park. The departure of the children from the school is especially tumultuarial, and while the parents talk, the children take the opportunity to play in the adjoining park. The pedestrianization of Human Rights Street in the section that corresponds to the competition plot will connect the park and the schoolyard. This urban strategy will prevent the building from being isolated and thus the very heart of the school will be linked to its surroundings.
The park sneaks into the schoolyard. And the patio is embraced by the one-story building. It is important that each school space be in direct contact with the ground; Thus the central space of the patio behaves as a meeting place and crossroads between the different classrooms and rooms, which in most days in our latitude are sunny.
The geometry of the project is simple and rational. The fundamental spatial measures of the building come from the geometry of the classrooms, 6 x 8 meters, which translates into structural economics. And a single deck covers this rational space, sometimes interior and sometimes exterior, in shadow. And then, the shadow of the trees around the patio. It is the shadow and controlled light input to the interior space where the environmental sustainable capacity of our project is measured.
Each and every one of the teaching spaces has southeast or northeast orientation where sunlight is friendly for the educational activity and pleasant for learning. Classrooms, where both primary and infant children spend most of their time, take advantage of the southeast orientation. The primary classrooms turn over a large porch that works at the same time as an anteroom and access distributor as well as a large covered room for rainy days or hot days.
The elementary classrooms are related to a more controlled patio through a porch that protects from the southern sun. But not only all spaces are optimally oriented, but all spaces are through, allowing cross ventilation necessary in these latitudes.
The parking that is intended to differentiate from the main volume for greater security, linking it to a pedestrian area that collects both children’s entrances. Children’s entrance, giving its own outdoor play space. And the primary entrance, which is completely connected to yours, with garden and activity track.
COMPETITION FOR THE NEW CEIP LES FOIES CONSTRUCTION
Competition in Gandía 2019
The proposed project stems from the firm conviction that rationality as a concept should guide each of the decisions of the project process. Our project is rational because it goes to the modulation and systematization of the space in order to facilitate its projection and subsequent construction. All spaces are multiples of a centreline of 6 meters.
Our building is a compact building. The compactness improves the economic viability, the maintenance of the building in time and facilitates its operation. Thus, the building is a laminar volume of approximately 90 x 13 meters, on two floors, where all the air-conditioned spaces of the building are condensed. And as a whole, the building does not exceed 30% of the plot occupation, so that much of the space for open-air activities and contact with nature is freed.
Each and every one of the teaching spaces has a southeast orientation. It would not make sense different orientations for the same activity. But not only all spaces are optimally oriented, but all spaces are through, allowing cross ventilation necessary in these latitudes.
The organization of the spaces has been carried out in a linear manner, to reduce unnecessary routes and facilitate the control of the center and the safety of children. In this way, the spaces obey a serial organization that begins on the south side of the plot with the grouped package of kitchen, dining room, services and facilities, continues with the general primary education classrooms and ends in the children’s area.
The outdoor spaces have been designed with the intention that there is a reasonable balance between soft and hard surfaces, so that the heat island effect is minimized, and rainwater filtration occurs naturally to the ground and avoid the excess of rainwater infrastructures.
1st PRIZE competition for the expansion of Burriana Cemetery (Castellón)
The urbanization project is built with few materials.
A concrete floor of different textures and drawings solves both pedestrian routes and the rest of the paths used for burials.
Alcorques landscaped strips run parallel to the streets. And sheets of water that will serve as well and irrigation for the gardens. A thick vegetal wall acts as an enclosure of the holy field in its eastern part, which, when it hits the road, will act as a sound barrier and at the same time form a background of greenery.
The vegetation consists of cypresses for the main street, palm trees for the pedestrian route and squares, and flower, shrub and climbing plants for the linear alcolques.
The furniture consists of linear concrete benches located on the shaded side of the streets, and the lighting consists of recessed beacons on the main street and aerial beacons on the streets of niches. Two equipments are located. In the main access a cover shades the entrance and collects a space of reception and office. At the northern end, at the end of the main street, there is a chapel.
The Wall and the Sky. Old Prison. Murcia (2017)
Isometric view of the set
The penitentiary centers are the spaces created by man to isolate other men. That is the fundamental reason for its existence. And so, the architecture of walls is the instrument that makes this isolation of some men with others effective. The wall is, in this project that occupies us, symbol and reality of the isolation of man by his actions or ideas. The wall is the impermeable physical barrier that builds freedom on one side and captivity on the other.
Mapping of Murcia
How then can we reverse this effect? Mies Van der Rohe was the architect who broke the character of enclosure and used the wall to “articulate the organism of the house”. In its brick house of 1924, the wall ceased to be a limit and was transformed into space leaks; the wall space extended beyond itself and thus created a new space with a structural model as old as the first urban settlements several thousand years ago. From Mies, we understood that the space can be still fluid building with walls.
And so we have projected.
Image of the west facade
The limit that oppresses the space disappears, the project leaks vertically into the sky and fugues horizontally when it opens onto the city.
The space leaks vertically and opens to the infinite sky, day and night. The inhabitant of this place will no longer be watched, but will become an observer of the slow future of the day. Light and air will pass through each of the new spaces created and this new inhabitant will breathe the warm taste of freedom.
And the space escapes in horizontal flowing from inside to outside and from outside to inside like the rocking of the waves rocking on the sand. The horizontal plane extends until connecting beyond the limit of the wall, beyond the scope of the view, to the cathedral.
Aerial night view
Light will bounce off the old walls of an imaginary prison sketched by Piranesi, as the wall with its thickness and texture will persist as in the ruinous drawings of the Italian architect and engraver. Ruin is the trail left by memory. Therefore, the ruin must remain as a witness of the past and as a participant in the future building.
But we must heal the wounds of the past, and we must seal them with gold like the Kintsugi, the marvelous technique of Japanese origin that repairs the fractures of the pottery with gold, silver or platinum dust. A restorative philosophy that states that breaks and repairs are part of the history of an object and should be shown instead of hiding, incorporated and also beautify the object, writing its transformation and history.
With this technique we restore the building. Ceramic is a wall, gold is the new and light architecture. We repair the memory and its fractures filling the holes of the building with gold and life. A new life for the building and its inhabitants. A building will never be so alive having been so dead. A new mestizo and insomniac equipment that groups different functions and that never sleeps …
And we created a garden, where there were cells, open to the sky and the sun. Where once there was a panoptic structure, a symbol of the oppressor’s oppression and vigilance, there is now a space for freedom. Now, the dark and decrepit heart of the prison has been transformed into a bright and living place.
The Wall and the Sky
2nd PRICE kindergarten competition in Llubí, Mallorca. (2017)
Project awarded with the 2nd prize, out of 150 architectural studies, of the competition for a kindergarten called by the City of Llubí (Mallorca) (April 2017)
The jury highlights “The originality of the architectural proposal, the way of resolving the spaces providing a daring structure”.
Surf Hostel in Lebu. Chile (2017)
The program of needs, consists in the construction of a “Surf Hostel”, as well as the development of the surf school “Lebu Surf” in Lebu, capital of the province of Arauco, inserted in the Biobío Region and located 145 km south of the city of Concepción, Chile. The plot is situated, according to the Community Regulatory Plan of Lebu, in zone A3, corresponding to Lot 19A, in Playa Larga. A terrain of rectangular form of dimensions approximately 25 x 36 meters and direction predominant northwest – southeast, which presents a slight slope in its longitudinal direction.
Lebu Beach. The plot in green.
The project speaks very well in section. The continuous deck greets you at the entrance and accompanies you on the way up. Upstairs the common area and a bit above the rooms. Due to the inclination of the deck and through a rip, as a running window, it is possible to observe the ocean from any point. A patio house with sea views.
The building is resolved with a single inclined roof. Under it appears, in lower dimensions, the access zone. A surface where to store elements of the activity and rest and recreation under the shade of the deck. Covered by the deck, a ramp two meters wide goes up to the area dedicated to “Hostel”. Once above the longitudinal space acts as common area, where there is a living area with fireplace, kitchen and dining room. Annex to this space a series of 8 rooms of equal dimensions, perpendicular to the common area close the plot in the southeast end, where there are 6 rooms flanked by a space for reception and office at the end in front of the ramp, and a Zone of common toilets at the opposite end. The rooms, with capacity of up to 28 beds, are elevated from the common space, being independent of this when moving away from him both horizontally and vertically.
Plan for 28 beds
Interior view from the common space.
The structural system consists of a mixed structure, pillars and partitions, made of pine wood, which support a light cover of zinc plates on OSB and pine beams, on a foundation made of pine wood piles.
Plan for 46 beds
Downtopía. Equipment and residence for people with down syndrome. Murcia. Spain. (2016)
In Mediterranean climate one lives most of the day outside the buildings. The street, the square, the terrace or the patio, are open spaces, and they are the clear protagonists of the warm Mediterranean habitat.
Our building takes advantage of this climate, looks at the outside and feeds from it.There are outdoor spaces under the trees. There are outdoor spaces such as terraces, covered and uncovered. There is an amphitheater square where all the outer spaces converge. There are spaces for outdoor sports with views of the city. And there are interior spaces that can be exterior.
A pedestrian itinerary ends at the western edge of our plot. The road comes from the north, from the orchard that surrounds the city of Murcia, 500 meters away. Our building is a green square at the end of this road. Or at its begining. Square and path are two elements that are oriented to the mobility of the pedestrian. Connecting the space of the building and its access point to the pedestrian itinerary is our urban response.
The ground plane is ductile. We mold it gently, downward, as if we were sinking slightly, to protect ourselves from external traffic. And on this molded and depressed plane we spread a green mantle. The building rests on it.The ground floor of the building is nature. Nature enters our building flooding, like a raft of water in motion. On the wavy and liquid vegetal orography, the building floats.